Published in Architectural Forum, December 1971 | Photo: Leon Kunstenaar
Education made historically unparalleled strides in the 1960s and 1970s. Far-reaching reforms were implemented to respond to demographic and economic developments in the transition from industrial to post-industrial society. This huge, also spatial expansion of the educational sector provoked radical resistance. While new school, university and research buildings were being erected worldwide, “learning factories” – and with them the institutions of education, architecture and science – were vehemently called into question.
In retrospect, the 1960s and 1970s exhibit a conflict-laden, but immensely productive concentration of innovation and criticism, which was reflected in the theory and practice of education and its architectures. It’s time we revisited these astonishingly relevant conflicts over space, learning and politics.
Curated by Tom Holert
Part of The New Alphabet